As European satellites offer a possibility to improve the efficiency of train control systems, GNSS technology is starting to gain momentum in the rail sector. Both EGNOS and Galileo can provide continuous and highly reliable positioning service – helping to increase the competitiveness of rail among other modes of transportation:
- High Density Command & Control Systems assist train command and control on main lines, referring primarily to the European Train Control System (ETCS) in Europe and some regions in the rest of the world.
- Low Density Line Command & Control Systems provide full signalling capabilities supported by GNSS on lines with small to medium traffic.
- Asset Management includes such functions as fleet management, need-based maintenance, infrastructure charges and inter-modal transfers.
- Passenger Information systems on-board trains show the real-time location of a train along its route.